Akatamanso Health Team Weekly Health Discussion’ The NDC Cares DIABETES


Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. *Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood glucose *

*Most Common types *

*Type 1 *: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. Research is yet to determine the exact causes of type 1 diabetes.

*Type 2 * Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar (glucose) builds up in your blood. It’s the most common type—about 90% to 95% of people living with diabetes have type 2.

*Type 2 *

Type 2 diabetes stems from a combination of genetics and lifestyle factors. Having overweight or obese increases your risk. This condition runs in families. Family members share genes that make them more likely to get type 2 diabetes and be overweight.

*Risk Factors *

Your risk for type 2 diabetes increases if you:
• are overweight
• are age 45 or older
• have a parent or sibling with the condition
• aren’t physically active
• have had gestational diabetes
• have prediabetes
• have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or high triglycerides

*Management of Diabetes *
•. Exercises (walking 🚶‍♀️, swimming 🏊‍♂️ , dancing 💃 , cycling 🚴‍♀️ ).
• Lifestyle changes can help lower your blood sugar
• Diet (Cut saturated and trans fats and refined carbohydrates out of your diet)
• Eat more fruits🍎🍌🥑🍒🍊, vegetables 🥕 🥒🥦🍅🥬, whole grains, lean protein such as poultry 🐓🍗 and fish 🐟 and healthy fats such as olive oil and nuts 🥜
• Eat smaller portions.
• Medication.
• Try to lose 5% to 7%of your body weight if you have overweight or obesity.

Finally, Visit the Doctor👩‍⚕️ for regular checkups.
*Health is Wealth *

©️Akatamanso Health Team 🇦🇪⚕️🩺🇦🇪

By Deladem J. Dzikunu

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